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James Bruce

James Bruce from Kinnaird, Scotland visited Luxor and the Valley of the Kings in 1768. He became famous for his description of the tomb of Ramesses III. In his Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile he produced drawings of carvings from that tomb. These were a very Europeanised and romanticized view of the figures which looked very little like the originals. It is after James Bruce that the tomb of Ramesses III was named 'Bruce's Tomb'


A.H. Rhind

Alexander Henry Rhind, born in Wick, Scotland was one of the first Egyptologists to apply sound methodology to the study of the Egyptian sites. He worked extensively at Thebes and Qurna, Including a short but unproductive time in the Valley of the Kings.

It was Archaeologists such as Rhind, and Auguste Mariette, who first expressed a concern for not only the objects discovered but also for the methods used and the recording of the exact circumstances of the find. This has been described as the time when Archaeology discovered it's conscience and 'Architectural Plundering' of the kind exhibited by Champollion became less acceptable.

In his notes, Rhind recorded that Lepsius's team overthrew a decorated column to secure a portion of it, leaving the remainder a scattered wreck on the floor of the chamber in the tomb of Seti I. He also expressed concern that expeditions were more like mining speculation rather than the scope of scientific survey with expeditions expected to return with reliefs and other artwork which could be sold at a profit.

One of Rhinds most impressive finds was the intact burial from the Roman period of Mentuemsaf. This burial was the source of the impressive funerary canopy now on display in the NMS.

A great deal of the coffins and grave goods shown on this site were excavated by Rhind. A large quantity of his discoveries are on display in the Royal Museum of Scotland.