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Every Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt sough to immortalise themselves in stone. Widely varying amounts of these statues survive depending on the reign involved, and how well it was remembered by later dynasties. In addition a great deal of the survival is down to luck. For example there is only one small statue of the Pharaoh Khufu who built the Great Pyramid.

Most of the surviving sculpture is from quite late in Ancient Egyptian history, but it should be remembered that Khufu had been dead for two millennia when Amenhotep III (Right) came to the throne.

Perhaps the most well known statues of Amenhotep III are the Collossi of Memnon, which are virtually all that remains of the Pharaoh's Theban mortuary temple.


Another Pharaoh who left behind a vast number of statues was Ramesses II. His temples at Abu Simbel and his additions to Luxor and Karnak temples contain literally dozens of representations of Ramesses.

This statue is from Ramesses mortuary temple at Thebes. It is another example of how visiting the site can bring home how much has been removed from Egypt.

This piece from the British Museum was removed from the Ramesseum by Belzoni.

Belzoni's drawing of the transportation of the statue is shown below.

Throughout Egyptian history it was common practice for later pharaohs to usurp the monuments of previous rulers. Although the cartouches on the statues were recut the experienced eye can still identify the original subject by small stylistic differences which appeared through time.